Глава 29. Процедура Загрузки FreeBSD

Если все прошло успешно, на экран будут выведены сообщения подобные этому и в завершении появится приглашение для входа в систему. Вы можете посмотреть промелькнувшие сообщения прокручивая буфер экрана с помощью специальных клавиш, сперва нажмите [SCROLL-LOCK], после чего клавишами [PgUp] и [PgDn] можете прокручивать буфер экрана вверх или вниз. Повторное нажатие клавиши [SCROLL-LOCK] вернет вас в рабочее состояние, командную строку или приглашение для входа в систему.

Возможно вы не сможете увидеть сообщение целиком из-за ограничения размера буфера, но вы сможете сделать это позже из командной строки, воспользовавшись утилитой dmesg и снова используя клавишу [SCROLL-LOCK] или сочетание команд: dmesg | less.

Войдите в систему используя атрибуты заведенного ранее пользователя: user/password (rpratt в моем случае). Вместо входа в систему суперпользователем root, поскольку это необходимо лишь в исключительных случаях.

 Copyright (c) 1992-2001 The FreeBSD Project. 
 Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994 
   The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. 
 FreeBSD 4.3-RELEASE #0: Sat Apr 21 10:54:49 GMT 2001 
  jkh@narf.osd.bsdi.com:/usr/src/sys/compile/GENERIC 
 Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz 
 CPU: AMD-K6(tm) 3D processor (300.68-MHz 586-class CPU) 
  Origin = "AuthenticAMD" Id = 0x580 Stepping = 0 
  Features=0x8001bf<FPU,VME,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,MCE,CX8,MMX> 
  AMD Features=0x80000800<SYSCALL,3DNow!> 
 real memory = 268435456 (262144K bytes) 
 config> di sn0 
 config> di lnc0 
 config> di le0 
 config> di ie0 
 config> di fe0 
 config> di cs0 
 config> di bt0 
 config> di ata1 
 config> di aic0 
 config> di aha0 
 config> di adv0 
 config> q 
 avail memory = 256983040 (250960K bytes) 
 Preloaded elf kernel "kernel" at 0xc044d000. 
 Preloaded userconfig_script "/boot/kernel.conf" at 0xc044d09c. 
 md0: Malloc disk 
 npx0: <math processor> on motherboard 
 npx0: INT 16 interface 
 pcib0: <Host to PCI bridge> on motherboard 
 pci0: <PCI bus> on pcib0 
 pcib1: <VIA 82C598MVP (Apollo MVP3) PCI-PCI (AGP) bridge> at device 1.0 on pci0 
 pci1: <PCI bus> on pcib1 
 pci1: <Matrox MGA G200 AGP graphics accelerator> at 0.0 irq 11 
 isab0: <VIA 82C586 PCI-ISA bridge> at device 7.0 on pci0 
 isa0: <ISA bus> on isab0 
 atapci0: <VIA 82C586 ATA33 controller> port 0xe000-0xe00f at device 7.1 on pci0 
 ata0: at 0x1f0 irq 14 on atapci0 
 ata1: at 0x170 irq 15 on atapci0 
 uhci0: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> port 0xe400-0xe41f irq 10 at device 7.2 on pci0 
 usb0: <VIA 83C572 USB controller> on uhci0 
 usb0: USB revision 1.0 
 uhub0: VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 
 uhub0: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered 
 chip1: <VIA 82C586B ACPI interface> at device 7.3 on pci0 
 ed0: <NE2000 PCI Ethernet (RealTek 8029)> port 0xe800-0xe81f irq 9 at
 device 10.0 on pci0 
 ed0: address 52:54:05:de:73:1b, type NE2000 (16 bit) 
 isa0: too many dependant configs (8) 
 isa0: unexpected small tag 14 
 fdc0: <NEC 72065B or clone> at port 0x3f0-0x3f5,0x3f7 irq 6 drq 2 on isa0
 fdc0: FIFO enabled, 8 bytes threshold 
 fd0: <1440-KB 3.5" drive> on fdc0 drive 0 
 atkbdc0: <keyboard controller (i8042)> at port 0x60-0x6f on isa0 
 atkbd0: <AT Keyboard> flags 0x1 irq 1 on atkbdc0 
 kbd0 at atkbd0 
 psm0: <PS/2 Mouse> irq 12 on atkbdc0 
 psm0: model Generic PS/2 mouse, device ID 0 
 vga0: <Generic ISA VGA> at port 0x3c0-0x3df iomem 0xa0000-0xbffff on isa0
 sc0: <System console> at flags 0x1 on isa0 
 sc0: VGA <16 virtual consoles, flags=0x300> 
 sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x10 on isa0 
 sio0: type 16550A 
 sio1 at port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 on isa0 
 sio1: type 16550A 
 ppc0: <Parallel port> at port 0x378-0x37f irq 7 on isa0 
 ppc0: SMC-like chipset (ECP/EPP/PS2/NIBBLE) in COMPATIBLE mode 
 ppc0: FIFO with 16/16/15 bytes threshold 
 ppi0: <Parallel I/O> on ppbus0 
 lpt0: <Printer> on ppbus0 
 lpt0: Interrupt-driven port 
 plip0: <PLIP network interface> on ppbus0 
 ad0: 8063MB <IBM-DHEA-38451> [16383/16/63] at ata0-master using UDMA33 
 ad2: 8063MB <IBM-DHEA-38451> [16383/16/63] at ata1-master using UDMA33 
 acd0: CDROM <DELTA OTC-H101/ST3 F/W by OIPD> at ata0-slave using PIO4 
 Mounting root from ufs:/dev/ad0s1a 
 swapon: adding /dev/ad0s1b as swap device 
 Automatic boot in progress... 
 /dev/ad0s1a: FILESYSTEM CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS 
 /dev/ad0s1a: clean, 70119 free (655 frags, 8683 blocks, 0.7% fragmentation) 
 /dev/ad0s1f: FILESYSTEM CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS 
 /dev/ad0s1f: clean, 6976313 free (51774 frags, 829297 blocks, 0.7% fragmentation) 
 /dev/ad0s1e: filesystem CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS 
 /dev/ad0s1e: clean, 97952 free (9 frags, 12381 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation) 
 Doing initial network setup: hostname. 
 lo0: flags=8049<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 16384 
   inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x8 
   inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 
   inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000 
 Additional routing options: tcp extensions=NO IP gateway=YES TCP
 keepalive=YES 
 routing daemons:. 
 additional daemons: syslogd. 
 Doing additional network setup: portmap. 
 Starting final network daemons: creating ssh RSA host key 
 Generating RSA keys: Key generation complete. 
 Your identification has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key. 
 Your public key has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key.pub. 
 The key fingerprint is: 
 2d:02:37:d2:0e:68:93:8f:9c:46:de:92:f4:be:60:0a root@k6-2.weeble.com 
  creating ssh DSA host key 
 Generating DSA parameter and key. 
 Your identification has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key. 
 Your public key has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub. 
 The key fingerprint is: 
 38:af:d2:1f:63:14:00:d8:83:fd:dd:4b:97:1c:43:6d root@k6-2.weeble.com. 
 setting ELF ldconfig path: /usr/lib /usr/lib/compat /usr/X11R6/lib
 /usr/local/lib 
 setting a.out ldconfig path: /usr/lib/aout /usr/lib/compat/aout
 /usr/X11R6/lib/aout 
 starting standard daemons: inetd cron sendmail sshd usbd. 
 Initial rc.i386 initialization: linux. 
 rc.i386 configuring syscons: blank_time screensaver moused. 
 Additional ABI support: linux. 
 Local package initilization:. 
 Additional TCP options:. 
 
 Wed May 2 10:06:32 EDT 2001 
 
 FreeBSD/i386 (k6-2.weeble.com) (ttyv0) 
 
 login: rpratt 
 Password: 
 Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994 
     The Regents of the University of California. All 
     rights reserved. 
 
 FreeBSD 4.3-RELEASE (GENERIC) #0: Sat Apr 21 10:54:49 GMT 2001 
 
 Welcome to FreeBSD! 
 
 Before seeking technical support, please use the following resources: 
 
 o Security advisories and updated errata information for all 
  releases are at http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/ - always consult 
  the ERRATA section for your release first as it's updated 
  frequently. 
 
 o The Handbook and FAQ documents are at http://www.freebsd.org/ 
  and, along with the mailing lists, can be searched by going to 
  http://www.FreeBSD.org/search.html. If the doc distribution has 
  been installed, they're also available formatted in 
  /usr/share/doc. 
 
 If you still have a question or problem, please take the output of 
 `uname -a', along with any relevant error messages, and email it 
 as a question to the questions@FreeBSD.org mailing list. If you are 
 unfamiliar with FreeBSD's directory layout, please refer to the hier(7)
 man page. If you are not familiar with man pages, type "man man". You may
 also use `/stand/sysinstall' to re-enter the installation and
 configuration utility. Edit /etc/motd to change this login announcement. 
 
 bash-2.05$

Если предварительно был успешно установлен и настроен X сервер и Default Desktop - оконный менеджер, они могут быть запущены с командной строки используя команду startx.

Обновлено: 12.03.2015